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A great number of musicians are now working on computer-based recording rigs.  If you ever think of recording your vocals at home, or simply compose music on your PC, we are on the same path. For this, we need an audio interface.

How to Recording and Mixing at Home

A basic home studio setup – A PC, audio interface, mic, and headphones. Consider a laptop if you want to work mobile. Source photos from: Garvin Whitner.

An audio interface is a piece of hardware which acts as a hub interfacing many types of sound-related gears to your computer. Your mics, instruments, controllers, speakers, and everything needs to be connected to the this audio interface for communicating with your computer

Alll modern computers and laptops are already equipped with audio hardware. The standard is the small 3.5 mm socket for speaker or headphones, a line in, and a mic input. They provide basic sound playback and record capabilities but the quality and performance are subpar to dedicated audio interface.

By the plethora of brands, types, and choices available on the market today, choosing the right audio interface may feel laborious. So, how do you find the right one? We’re here to guide you through the choices and considerations so you finally find the best fit for your needs

Set your budget

Looking into forums and groups, most people limit their choices based on its price. Today’s audio interfaces price vary widely from the $39 Behringer UMC22 to $3999 Lynx Aurora(n) or even more. We can safely say that the expensive one is better than the cheaper one. The expensive one usually have more features such as more preamps or multi-channel input output, better performance, solid physical quality, includes software, etc. By the increasing popularity of home recording and bedroom musicians in the last 10 years, there is always an audio interface available at any price point. This will relate heavily to the next considerations.

Meet Your Need

Record or not?

Ask yourself, what do you want to do? A person who would like to record himself playing guitar needs different audio interface with another who prefers to mix songs as a DJ. A person who does field recording may need a specific interface compared to those who record strictly at home or in a studio.

If yes, what do you want to record?

A person who only wanted to record vocals will surely need an audio interface with a XLR mic input and mic preamp on it, a single mic input is fine (i.e Focusrite Scarlett Solo). Another person who prefers to record electric guitar needs an interface with a HI-Z input to plug in his guitar (i.e Native Instruments Komplete Audio 6 has both inputs available in HI-Z mode. Most others are only have single Hi-Z input). Other person who likes to record audio from synths or grooveboxes should be good with an interface with TRS (jack to jack) plug line input without any preamps (i.e MOTU 16A).

Zoom TAC-2R has both inputs available in Hi-Z mode to plug in your guitar

If you wanted to use a condenser mic, you will need a 48V Phantom Power on your interface. Don’t worry, almost all audio interfaces equipped with a mic input should already have a phantom power feature. Another consideration is people who prefer to use a low gain dynamic or ribbon mic such as Shure SM-7B or Royer R122. These mics need a hefty amount of level to drive, at least 60 db is recommended (i.e RME Babyface Pro provides 65 db of preamp gain).

Basic front panel of an audio interface – Focusrite Scarlett 2i2

If yes, how many inputs or outputs needed?

In other words, how many sources or instruments do you want to record simultaneously? If you only want to record instruments one by one and overdubbing things, an audio interface with 1 or 2 inputs should be enough (i.e Steinberg UR22). If you want to record multiple sources simultaneously, such as a full band or a strings ensemble, you will need interface with at least 4 or 8 inputs (i.e Presonus 44VSL or 1818VSL) or even stacking multiple interfaces (i.e TC Electronic Konnekt48 can be daisy chained to each other)

Advanced connection ports and multiple input-output of the Antelope Goliath

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